Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is characterized by symptoms such as persistent, excessive, and unrealistic worry about everyday things. People with this disorder experience exaggerated worry and tension, often expecting the worst, even when there is no apparent reason for concern. They anticipate disaster and are overly concerned about money, health, family, work, potential disasters or other issues. Generalized Anxiety Disorder is diagnosed when a person worries excessively about a variety of everyday problems for at least 6 months.
Sometimes just the thought of getting through the day produces anxiety. They don’t know how to stop the worry cycle and feel it is beyond their control, even though they usually realize that their anxiety is more intense than the situation warrants.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, approximately 6.8 million American adults, with women being twice as likely to be affected, experience the disorder making Generalized Anxiety Disorder the most common cause of disability in the in work place.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder comes on gradually and can begin across the life cycle, though the risk is highest between childhood and middle age. Although the exact cause of the disorder is unknown, there is evidence that biological factors, family background, and life experiences, particularly stressful ones, play a role.
When their anxiety level is mild, people with Generalized Anxiety Disorder can function socially and be gainfully employed. Although they may avoid some situations because they have the disorder, some people can have difficulty carrying out the simplest daily activities when their anxiety is severe.